2014年成人高考高起点英语全真模拟试题及答案(四)
本文摘要:C  UncleSamisatall,thinman.He‘sanoldermanwithwhitehairandawhitebeard.Heoftenwearsatallhat,abow

C  UncleSamisatall,thinman.He‘sanoldermanwithwhitehairandawhitebeard.Heoftenwearsatallhat,abowtie,andthestarsandstripesoftheAmericanflag.  Whoisthisstrange,lookingman?WouldyoubelievethatUncleSamistheUSgovernment?ButwhydoyoucalltheUSgovernmentUncleSam?  DuringtheWarof1812,theUSgovernmenthiredmeatpackerstoprovidemeattothearmy.OneofthesemeatpackerswasamannamedSamuelWilson.Samuelwasafriendlyandfairman.EveryonelikedhimandcalledhimUncleSam.  SamWilsonstampedtheboxesofmeatforthearmywithalargeUSforUnitedStates.SomegovernmentinspectorscametolookoverSam‘scompany.TheyaskedaworkerwhattheUSontheboxesstoodfor.Asajoke,theworkeransweredthattheselettersstoodforthenameofhisboss,UncleSam.  Thejokespread,andsoldiersbegansayingthattheirfoodcamefromUncleSam.Beforelong,peoplecalledallthingsthatcamefromthegovernment“UncleSam‘s”,“UncleSam”becameanicknamefortheUSgovernment.  SoonthereweredrawingsandcartoonsofUncleSaminnewspapers.Intheseearlypictures,UncleSamwasayoungman.Heworestarsandstripes,buthishairwasdarkandhehadnotabeard.ThebeardwasaddedwhenAbrahamLincolnwasPresident.PresidentLincolnhadabeard.  ThemostfamouspictureofUncleSamisonaposterfromWorldWarI.Thegovernmentneededmentofightinthewar.Intheposter,averyseriousUncleSampointshisfingerandsays“IwantYOUfortheUSArmy.”  59.“UncleSam”becamea________fortheUSgovernment.  A.boss  B.nickname  C.picture  D.businessmen  60.UncleSamoftenwearstallhat,________andthestarsandstripesoftheAmericanflag.  A.darkhair  B.abowtie  C.abox  D.ashirt  61.Governmentinspectorscameto________Sam‘smeat-packingcompany.  A.ask  B.standfor  C.lookover  D.see  62.InthedrawingandcartoonsofUncleSam________.  A.heworethestarsandstripes  B.theneverhadabeard  C.hehadnohair  D.heworeabowtie  D  TheRedCrossisaninternationalorganizationwhichcaresforpeoplewhoareinneedofhelp.AmaninParishospitalwhoneedsblood,awomaninMexicowhowasinjuredinanearthquake,andafamilyinIndiathatlosttheirhomeinastormmayallbeaidedbytheRedCross.  TheRedCrossexistsinalmosteverycountryaroundtheglobe.TheworldRedCrossorganizationsaresometimescalledtheRedCrescent,theRedMogenDavid,theSun,andtheRedLion.Alloftheseagenciesshareacommongoaloftryingtohelppeopleinneed.  TheideaofforminganorganizationtohelpthesickandwoundedduringawarstartedwithJeanHenriDunant.In1859,heobservedhowpeopleweresufferingonabattlefieldinItaly.Hewantedtohelpallthewoundedpeopleregardlessofwhichsidetheywerefightingfor.ThemostimportantresultofhisworkwasaninternationaltreatycalledtheGenevaConvention.Itprotectsprisonersofwaythesickandwounded,andothercitizensduringawar.  TheAmericanRedCrosswassetupbyClaraBartonin1881.TodaytheRedCrossintheUnitedStatesprovidesanumberofservicesforthepublic,suchashelpingpeopleinneed,teachingfirstaidandprovidingblood.  63.Agoodtitleforthisselectionis_______.  A.PeopleinNeedofHelp  B.SafetyandProtection  C.TheInternationalRedCross  D.ForminganOrganizationtoHelpPeople  64.Theword“aided”inthefirstparagraphmeans________.  A.needed  B.helped  C.caught  D.protected  65.Wemaydrawaconclusionthat_______duringawar.  A.theRedCrossonlyprotectsthewounded  B.theRedCrossonlyhelpsprisonersofwar  C.theRedCrossonlyhelpscitizens  D.theRedCrosshelpsallthepeopleinneednomatterwhichsidetheyarefightingfor

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